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Collared Peccary

Pecari tajacu

Range

  • The Southwest United States, Central America, North through Central South America

Habitat

  • Desert and rainforest

Diet

  • Cactus
  • Mesquite beans
  • Fruits
  • Roots
  • Tubers
  • Palm nuts
  • Grasses
  • Invertebrates
  • Small vertebrates

Neither pig nor razorback, this omnivore’s razor-sharp tusks inspired its nickname, the javelina (have-a-LEE-nah), referring to a javelin or spear.

Unable to pant, they bed down in the shade during the midday heat and forage for water-rich prickly pears and agave in the cool of early morning and evening. They are territorial and live in herds of 5-15 with a hierarchy determined by size; the biggest peccary is dominant.

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