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Asian Elephant

Elephas maximus


  • India and Southeast Asia


  • Forests


  • Roots
  • Grasses
  • Fruit
  • Bark

Elephants have specialized adaptations to accommodate their large size:

  • Support System: Elephants have sole pads under their toes that help carry all their weight. To make sure that there isn’t too much weight on just one foot, the pad spreads out when the weight is placed on it and then goes back to its original shape when the weight is lifted. Like the bottom of your tennis shoes, the elephants’ pads allow it to walk quietly and without slipping.
  • Carrying a Trunk: With thousands of muscles and tendons, elephants’ trunks are incredibly strong and flexible! They can carry heavy loads, like logs, or pick-up a single flower. Trunks also help them reach areas where their large bodies cannot fit. To drink, elephants use their trunks more like a cup than a like a straw. They suck the water into their trunks and then place the end of their trunk into their mouth and release the water.
  • Tons of Elephants: Elephants are the largest land mammal in the world. They can weigh as much as two  vans filled with people.

To learn more about elephants, visit them at the Lost Kingdom: Elephants exhibit.

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